The cosmological model of eternal inflation and the transition from chance to biological evolution in the history of life is the kind of paper that you would want for breakfast. Eugene Koonin combines a few back-of-the-envelope calculations on the absurdly low probabilities of the emergence of ribonucleotides/proteins capable of natural selection with a multiverse view of cosmology to explain why the existence of life as we know it is not unlikely.
The essay touches on the anthropic principle and I won’t be surprised if the anticreationists science blogs will have a word with him on fueling the intelligent design debate, although he states that their is no room for such quakery in this view of the world. Much of it sounds like I have heard it before; the novel elements are the numbers and the break point in evolution after the RNA world-protein world transition.
The article appears in Biology Direct, still my favorite journal for its open peer review. Again, the reviews are quite critical, including questioning Koonin’s background in philosophy. Then again, how many philosophers have his expertise in the RNA world?